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Weights & Measures

METRIC SYSTEM


PREFIX SYMBOL MULTIPLE            PREFIX SYMBOL MULTIPLE

mega-      M    x 1,000,000             deci-   d       x 1/10
kilo-      k    x 1,000                 centi-  c       x 1/100
hecto      h    x 100                   milli-  m       x 1/1,000
deka-     da    x 10                    micro-  u       x 1/1,000,000

BASIC UNITS OF MEASUREMENTS       METRIC UNITS OF LENGTH

Linear......meter                       1 LIGHT YEAR = 9.46 X 10 KILOMETERS
Volume......liter                       1 KILOMETER (km) = 1,000 METERS
Weight......gram                        1 METER (m) = 100 CENTIMETERS
International units..IU or U            1 METER (m) = 1,000 MILLIMETERS 
               based on #/ml.           1 MICRON    = 1,000 MILLIMICRONS
Whole Blood..1 unit = 500 mls.          1 MILLIMICRON = 10 ANGSTROMS (A)
Equivalents...mEq (Elect. charge)

METRIC UNITS OF WEIGHT            METRIC UNITS OF VOLUME

1 metric ton = 1,000 kilograms          1 megaliter  = 1,000 kiloliters
1 kilogram (kg) = 1,000 grams           1 kiloliter  = 1,000 liter
1 gram (gm) = 1,000 milligrams          1 liter (l.) = 1,000 milliliters
1 milligram (mg)= 1,000 micrograms      1 milliliter = 1,000 microliters

GENERAL RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN UNITS

1 gram of water = 1 milliliter = 1 cubic centimeter at 25¡C 

CONVERSION TABLE FOR COMMON U.S. AND METRIC MEASUREMENTS

1 inch = 2.54 centimeters
1 liquid ounce = 29.58 (30) milliliters = 1 Fluid oz 
1 meter = 1.0936 yards
1 kilogram = 2.204 pounds
1 liter = 1.0567 quarts
1 cubic meter = 1.3080 cubic yards
1 hectare = 2.4711 acres
10,000 meters = 1 hectare
1.609 kilometer = 1 mile
1 lb. = 454 gram
1 grain (gr) = 65 mg  (60 mg for Ntg and narcotics)
1 tablespoon = 15 ml = 1/2 fluid ounce
1 teaspoon = 5 ml 
1 pint = 473 ml
1 quart = 946 ml

TEMPERATURE                            PRESSURE

C = 5/9 (F - 32)                       1 mm Hg = 1 Torr.
F¡ = C¡ 9/5 + 32                       1 Atmosphere = 760 mm Hg.
98.6¡F = 37¡C = 310¡K                  1 Atmosphere = 14.696 lbs/sq in
32¡F = 0¡C = 273¡K                     1 mm Hg = 13.6 mm H20 = 1.36 cm H20



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